Steering Group Members
Jacqueline Bhabha, Human Rights Law and Policy, Harvard School of Public Health, Harvard Law School, Harvard Kennedy School
About Jacqueline Bhabha
Jacqueline Bhabha is the Jeremiah Smith Jr. lecturer in law at Harvard Law School, the executive director of the Harvard University Committee on Human Rights Studies and a lecturer on public policy at the Kennedy School of Government. From 1997 to 2001, she directed the Human Rights Program at the University of Chicago. Prior to 1997, she was a practicing human rights lawyer in London, and at the European Court of Human Rights in Strasbourg. She received a first class honours degree and an M.Sc from Oxford University, and a J.D. from the College of Law in London. She has just published a series of international research reports, entitled Seeking Asylum Alone (2006), on unaccompanied and separated child asylum seekers. Her writing on issues of migration and asylum in Europe and the U.S. include a co-authored book, Women’s Movement: Women Under Immigration, Nationality and Refugee Law (1994), an edited volume, Asylum Law And Practice in Europe and North America (1992), several book chapters including Border Rights and Rites in an edited volume on women and immigration law and many articles including Get Back to Where You Once Belonged: Identity, Citizenship and Exclusion in Europe (1998), Inconsistent State Intervention and Separated Child Asylum Seekers (2001), Internationalist Gatekeepers? The tension between asylum advocacy and human rights (2002), and The Citizenship Deficit: On Being a Citizen Child (2003). She is currently working on issues of transnational child migration, trafficking, adoption and citizenship. She teaches international human rights and refugee law. She serves on the board of the US section of International Social Services and the Journal of Refugee Studies.
Nazli Choucri, Political Science, MIT
About Nazli Choucri
Nazli Choucri, Professor of Political Science at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, is Director of the Global System for Sustainable Development (GSSD), a multi-lingual knowledge networking system to facilitate the provision and uses of knowledge for the management of dynamic strategic challenges. To date, GSSD is mirrored (i.e. synchronized and replicated) in China, Europe, and the Middle East in Chinese, Arabic, French, and English. A member of the MIT faculty for over thirty years, Professor Choucri's area of expertise is on modalities of conflict and violence in international relations, focusing particularly on the role that population and migration may play in transforming competition into conflict and violence. She served as General Editor of the International Political Science Review and is the founding Editor of the MIT Press Series on Global Environmental Accord. The author of nine books and numerous articles, Professor Choucri's present research focus is on 'connectivity for sustainability', including e-learning, e-commerce, and e-development strategies. She is currently Associate Director of MIT's Technology and Development Program, and Head of the Middle East Program. She has been involved in research, consulting, and advisory work for national and international agencies, and in many countries, including: Abu Dhabi, Algeria, Canada, Colombia, Egypt, France, Germany, Greece, Honduras, Japan, Kuwait, Mexico, North Yemen, Pakistan, Qatar, Sudan, Switzerland, Syria, Tunisia, and Turkey.
Luise Druke, UN humanitarian & refugee studies, Harvard Affiliate
About Luise Druke
Luise Druke is Committee Co-Chair. Harvard Humanitarian Initiative Affiliate and was Co-Chair of UN Studies and Senior Lecturer at Suffolk University 2008-2014. Dr. Druke has also been a part time faculty member at Leibniz University Hannover (IR, UN and humanitarian governance studies, international migration and refugee policy). She headed UNHCR offices and operations in Europe, South East Asia and Central Asia, Latin America, Africa 1977-2006. She was a fellow at MIT’s Program on Human Rights and Justice (PHRJ) and Visiting Scholar at CIS where she completed her last UNHCR research project on 'Refugee Policy in Eurasia'. Dr. Druke holds a doctoral degree in pol. sciences from Hannover University, completed as Fellow at Harvard University, an MPA from Harvard’s Kennedy School, MA in econ. from Webster University and a LL.M. from Brussels Free University. She also holds a Diploma from the Sorbonne and a MA in European Studies from the European Institute, Nice University. Her publications include several books and articles which address a.o. refugee protection and migration issues. Her latest research has been supported by the Harvard Humanitarian Initiative and Harvard Law School on Innovations in Refugee Protection: A Compendium of UNHCR's 60 Years, Including Case Studies on IT Communities in Humanitarian Operations, Vietnamese Boat People in Singapore, Chilean Exile and Namibian Repatriation. Peter Lang Academic Publishers: Frankfurt. 2013.
Mari Fitzduff, Coexistence and Conflict Studies, Brandeis University
About Mari Fitzduff
Mari Fitzduff is Professor and Director of the MA program on Coexistence and Conflict at Brandeis. From 1990-1997 she was the first chief executive of the Northern Ireland Community Relations Council, which was at the forefront in developing governmental policies and local community programs to tackle many decades of violent conflict. More recently she served as director of UNU/INCORE, a United Nations University center and one of the worlds leading organizations for research on conflict. The center was based at the University of Ulster, where she was chair of conflict studies. She has served as a consultant and trainer on conflict programs in the Middle East, Sri Lanka, Indonesia, the Basque country, and the CIS states. She is frequently utilized as an international expert by governments and international organizations on issues of conflict and diversity. Her many publications include Community Conflict Skills, Beyond Violence: Conflict Resolution Processes in Northern Ireland, a UNU/Brookings book which has won an American Library Associations Notable Book award; and coauthor, with Cheyanne Church of NGOs at the Table with Cheyanne Church; and she is coeditor of a 3 vol. series on The Psychology of Resolving Global Conflicts: From War to Peace due for publication in 2005. From 1990-1997 she was the first Chief Executive of the Northern Ireland Community Relations Council, which was at the forefront in developing governmental policies and local community programs to tackle many decades of violent conflict. More recently she served as Director of UNU/INCORE, which was a United Nations University center, and one of the worlds leading organizations for research on conflict. The center was based at the University of Ulster, where she was Chair of Conflict Studies. She has also served as a consultant and trainer on conflict program in the Middle East, Sri Lanka, Indonesia, the Basque country, and the CIS states. She is frequently utilized as an international expert by many governments, and by international organizations on issues of conflict and diversity.
Anna Hardman, Committee Co-Chair, Economics, Tufts and MIT Affiliate
About Anna Hardman
Anna Hardman, Co-Chair of the Inter-University Committee on International Migration is an urban economist and a Research Affiliate at the Center for International Studies at MIT. She is a Lecturer at Tufts University in the Department of Economics where she teaches undergraduate courses on the economics of international migration and on urban economics. Her current research addresses first, linkages between housing tenure, housing investment, and migration among Mexican and Dominican migrants to the United States, (using micro-data from the Mexican and Latin American Migration Projects) and second, the application of economics to understanding forced migration flows. She is co-author of a book and a report for the Minority Rights Group on migrant workers in Europe and has worked on consulting projects for the US Department of Housing and Urban Development, the World Bank, and the United Nations Centre for Human Settlements (Habitat).
John Harris, Economics, Boston University
About John Harris
John Harris is a founding member and participant in the Inter-University Committee on International Migration since its inception in 1974. He has published on both theoretical and empirical aspects of rural-urban migration in developing economies and is co-author of the well- known "Harris-Todaro" model of migration. His research and advisory work on migration have included activities in Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania, Nigeria, Botswana, Somalia, Sudan, Indonesia, Malaysia, and Thailand. In recent years his research has focused on adjustment processes, including the role of informal (parallel) markets and of migrant remittances. He has also been working on labor market adjustment and financial reforms in Indonesia. Professor Harris was a member of the Economics Department at MIT from 1966-1975 and served as Associate Director of MIT's Special Program for Urban and Regional Studies of Developing Areas (SPURS) from 1972-1975. Since 1975, he has been a Professor of Economics at Boston University and served as Director of its African Studies Program from 1975-1988. He has also held research positions in Nigeria, Kenya, and Indonesia.
Karen Jacobsen, Political Science, Refugees and Forced Migration Program, The Fletcher School
About Karen Jacobsen
Karen Jacobsen is Visiting Associate Professor at the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, and the Director of the Refugees and Forced Migration Program, a joint program of the Fletcher School and the Feinstein International Famine Center at Tufts University. Professor Jacobsen's work focuses on the livelihoods of refugees and other forced migrants, with a particular interest in how microfinance can support people's livelihoods in conflict situations. She is also working on a book about the history, politics, and economics of refugee camps. This research explores how refugee camps have evolved as the main institutional response to refugees and considers the successes and failures of this response. Professor Jacobsen recently completed a study for UNHCR that focused on self-settled refugees and whether local integration can be a solution for refugees in protracted situations. Professor Jacobsen's earlier research has addressed issues of security and protection issues for refugees and relief workers in refugee camps, and ways to improve protection. Her past research has explored the environmental impact of refugees in asylum countries, particularly the effect of patterns of refugee settlement on environmental outcomes.
Jennifer Leaning, Harvard School of Public Health, Director of the FXB Center of Health and Human Rights; Harvard School of Public Health
About Jennifer Leaning
Jennifer Leaning, M.D., S.M.H., is Professor of the Practice of International Health at the Harvard School of Public Health and Senior Advisor for International and Policy Studies at the Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study. She directs the Program on Humanitarian Crises and Human Rights, based at the François-Xavier Bagnoud Center for Health and Human Rights. Dr. Leaning is an Assistant Professor of Medicine at Harvard Medical School and an attending physician in the Emergency Department of Brigham and Women's Hospital. She holds degrees from Radcliffe College, the Harvard School of Public Health, and the University of Chicago Pritzker School of Medicine, and is board certified in both internal medicine and emergency medicine. Her research and policy interests include problems of international human rights and humanitarian law; humanitarian crises; human security; public health preparedness; and medical ethics in practical settings of disasters and emergencies. Dr. Leaning has field experience in and has written widely on problems of disaster response and human rights (particularly in the Middle East, former USSR, Somalia, the African Great Lakes area, Albania, Kosovo, Afghanistan, and Sudan). She serves on the board of directors of Physicians for Human Rights, Physicians for Social Responsibility, The Humane Society of the United States, and the Massachusetts Bay Chapter of the American Red Cross.
Peggy Levitt, Sociology, Wellesley College and Harvard
About Peggy Levitt
Peggy Levitt is associate Professor of Sociology at Wellesley College and a Research Fellow at the Weatherhead Center for International Affairs and the Hauser Center for Nonprofit Organizations at Harvard University. She is currently directing a comparative, historical study of transnational migration to the Boston metropolitan area funded by the Ford Foundation. Her book, The Transnational Villagers, was published by the University of California Press in 2001. Her next book, The Changing Face of Home: The Transnational Lives of the Second Generation (edited with Mary Waters), is forthcoming from the Russell Sage Foundation.
Noora Lori, International Relations, Boston University
About Noora Lori
Noora Lori’s research broadly focuses on the political economy of migration, the development of security institutions and international migration control, and the establishment and growth of national identity systems. She is particularly interested in the study of temporary worker programs and racial hierarchies in comparative perspective. Regionally, her work examines the shifting population movements accompanying state formation in the Persian Gulf, expanding the study of Middle East politics to include historic and new connections with East Africa and the Indian subcontinent. Lori’s current book project examines the development and enforcement of citizenship and immigration policies in the United Arab Emirates, where non-citizens comprise 96 percent of the domestic labor force. This work is based on her dissertation, which was awarded the Best Dissertation Award by the Migration and Citizenship section of the American Political Science Association in 2014. Lori has published articles in the Asian and Pacific Migration Journal, the Journal of Politics & Society, and for the Institut français des relations internationals (IFRI).
Robert Lucas, Economics, Boston University
About Robert Lucas
Robert E.B. Lucas is a citizen of the UK, educated at the London School of Economics and MIT. He is currently Professor of Economics at Boston University, a Research Affiliate at the Center for International Studies, MIT. Professor Lucas's research interests include internal and international migration, labor and human resources, industry, environment, and international trade, primarily in developing economies. This research has encompassed several countries in Asia and Africa, including India, Malaysia, China, Bangladesh, Pakistan, South Africa, Botswana, Zimbabwe, and Egypt. Professor Lucas has served as a consultant to the World Bank, USAID, and ILO, and as Chief Technical Adviser to the Malaysia Human Resources Development Program. Professor Lucas's recent works on migration include a book entitled "International Migration and Economic Development", which is forthcoming with Elgar Press in August 2005, and a paper on African migration presented at a conference in Nairobi in May 2005, which will appear in the Journal of African Economies.
Melissa Nobles, Political Science, MIT
About Melissa Nobles
Melissa Nobles is Associate Professor of Political Science at MIT. Her research and teaching interests include the comparative study of racial and ethnic politics in the United States, Latin America, Europe, and Africa. Her book, Shades of Citizenship: Race and the Census in Modern Politics (Stanford University Press, 2000) examines the political origins and consequences of racial categorization in demographic censuses in the United States and Brazil. Both countries have long histories of immigration, both voluntary and involuntary, that are reflected in the politically contentious battles over census categories and the uses of census data. She is currently working on a book-length manuscript that examines the political uses of official apologies in comparative perspective.
Justin Steil, Urban Studies and Planning, MIT
About Justin Steil
Justin Steil is an Assistant Professor of Law and Urban Planning at MIT. Broadly interested spatial dimensions of inequality, his research examines the intersection of urban policy with immigration, property, and civil rights law. Recent publications include “Desvinculado y Desigual: Latino Segregation and Access to Opportunity,” in the Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science (2015) and “The New Immigration Contestation: Social Movements and Local Immigration Policymaking in the United States, 2000-2011,” in the American Journal of Sociology (2014). He is also an editor of Searching for the Just City: Debates in Urban Theory and Practice (Routledge, 2009).
John Tirman, Executive Director, Center for International Studies, MIT
About John Tirman
John Tirman is Executive Director of MIT's Center for International Studies. Tirman is author, or coauthor and editor, of nine books on international security issues, including The Maze of Fear: Security and Migration After 9/11 (The New Press, 2004), and Spoils of War: The Human Cost of America's Arms Trade (1997). In addition, he has published more than 100 articles in periodicals such as the New York Times, Washington Post, World Policy Journal, Esquire, Wall Street Journal, Boston Review, and International Herald Tribune. Before coming to MIT in 2004, he was a program director at the Social Science Research Council. From 1986 to 1999, Tirman was executive director of the Winston Foundation for World Peace, a leading funder of work to prevent nuclear war and promote non-violent resolution of conflict. He is recipient of the U.N. Association's Human Rights Award, and serves as a trustee of several NGOs. In 1999-2000, Tirman was Fulbright Senior Scholar in Cyprus and produced an educational website on the conflict (http://www.cyprus-conflict.net). His doctorate is in political science from Boston University (1981).
Reed Ueda, Committee Co-Chair, History, Tufts
About Reed Ueda
Reed Ueda, Co-Chair of the Inter-University Committee on International Migration is Professor of History at Tufts University and a former Visiting Professor at Harvard and Brandeis. He is an Associate of the Center for American Political Studies at Harvard and a member of the Immigration Fellows Cluster of the Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study. Professor Ueda was Research Editor of the Harvard Encyclopedia of American Ethnic Groups (1980), and he has explored migration, acculturation, and social mobility in numerous books and articles. He is editing (with Mary C. Waters and Helen Marrow) The New Americans (Harvard University Press) and The Companion to American Immigration (Blackwell). Professor Ueda has been awarded fellowships from the American Council of Learned Societies, the National Endowment for the Humanities, the Woodrow Wilson International Center, and the Charles Warren Center for Studies in American History at Harvard University. He is also Associate Editor of the Journal of Interdisciplinary History (MIT Press).
Phiona Lovett, Program Assistant, Center for International Studies, MIT
Jerome Rothenberg, Economics, MIT
Sharon Stanton Russell, Former Committee Chair, Center for International Studies, MIT